We evaluated the prevalence of the SCA2 mutation among 224 Italian patients affected by typical Parkinsonism, including 145 sporadic and 79 familial forms. Pink1, Parkin, and LRRK2 gene mutations had been excluded previously. Molecular testing for the CAG expansion at the SCA 2 locus was performed on leukocyte DNA. Cloning and sequencing of the expanded allele was performed in patients positive for the SCA2 expansion. A 38 CAG expansion was detected in 1 of 79 families studied. The proband, a male age 67, and his sister, age 69, were both affected by a benign form of L-dopa-responsive Parkinsonism not associated with cerebellar signs. The inheritance was autosomal dominant. The CAG expansion was stable through meiotic transmission: sequence analysis showed that the CAG stretch was interrupted by 3 CAA. Our study shows that CAG expansion at the SCA 2 locus may represent a genetic cause of familial L-dopa-responsive Parkinsonism among Italian patients. The stability of the pathological CAG expansion detected in this family was related to the presence of CAA interruptions. These findings, together with literature data, suggest that the molecular intrinsic structure of the expanded allele may modulate the phenotypic expression of the SCA2 mutation.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2006|