Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Francesco Pagnini, Sara Carletto, Martina Borghi, Francesco Scavelli, Diana Francone, Maria Luisa Perucchini, Marco Cavallo, Antonio Bertolotto, Francesco Oliva, Luca Ostacoli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic and life-threatening illnesses, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), have been identified as significant stressors potentially triggering posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The study aims to investigate the prevalence of PTSD according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria in a large sample of patients with MS. A total of 988 patients with MS were screened with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and then assessed with the PTSD module of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and with the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale to confirm PTSD diagnosis. Posttraumatic symptoms were reported by 25.5% of the sample. A confirmed diagnosis of PTSD was found in 5.7% of patients, but prevalence could reach 8.5%, including also dropout patients. Further studies are needed to evaluate if adjustment disorder could better encompass the frequently encountered subthreshold posttraumatic stress symptoms and how clinicians can deal with these symptoms with appropriate interventions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)149-151
Numero di pagine3
RivistaJOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE
Volume206
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Psychiatry and Mental Health
  • adjustment disorder
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • prevalence
  • trauma

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