Prevalence of cervical HPV and attitude towards cervical screening in IBD patients under immunomodulatory treatment: A multidisciplinary management experience

Alessandro Armuzzi, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Scambia, Rosa Pasqualina De Vincenzo, Franco Scaldaferri, Loris Riccardo Lopetuso, Sabrina Leone, S. Leone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic strategies for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD: Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis) have improved but the risk for HPV infection in patients under immunomodulatory/biologic treatment is unclear. Objective of the study is to identify the attitude of patients and caregivers to cervical screening. To determine the prevalence of HPV and cervical lesions in IBD patients receiving immunomodulatory/biological treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: IBD patients treated with immunomodulators were enrolled from November 2016 to September 2017, thanks to a multidisciplinary cooperation. A survey was administered to enrolled patients as well as to a selected network of IBD expert physicians. Patients who consented underwent gynecological examination, smear, HPV DNA test, colposcopy, vaginal and cervical microbiological swabs. RESULTS: 294 patients from AMICI Onlus Association, 119 patients from the hospital clinic, 30 doctors from national IBD centers participated to the survey. 19 patients from the IBD clinic underwent cervical screening. More than 90% of doctors consider their patients at risk of cervical cancer. A low prevalence of high-risk genotypes and related HPV lesions and an increased prevalence of bacterial vaginosis emerged in the studied population. CONCLUSIONS: Biological drugs could lead to a positive immunomodulation towards HPV infection. In IBD patients an alteration of the vaginal and intestinal microbiota seems to be coexisting.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)564-570
Numero di pagine7
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume24
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • HPV
  • Immunomodulation
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Screening

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