Preterm small for gestational age infants are not at higher risk for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis.

Luca Maggio, Simonetta Costa, Paola Sindico, Francesco Cota, Maria Pia De Carolis, Costantino Romagnoli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

38 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess if being small for gestational age impacts parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) development. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all the very low-birth weight infants exposed to parenteral nutrition for >14 days from 1996 to 2006, comparing auxological and clinical data, as well as nutritional history, during the first 4 weeks of life of infants with cholestasis and control subjects. RESULTS: Of 445 very low-birth weight infants, 55 had development of PNAC. Infants with cholestasis had lower birth weight and gestational age but similar birth weight z-score compared with infants without cholestasis, and they received a lower amount of enteral feeds (25.8 +/- 20.7 vs 67.9 +/- 33.0 mL/kg, P < .001), a greater amount of intravenous glucose (10.6 +/- 1.3 vs 7.5 +/- 2.5 g/kg, P < .0001), lipids (1.8 +/- 0.4 vs 1.3 +/- 0.5, P < .0001) and proteins (2.7 +/- 0.5 vs 1.9 +/- 0.7, P < .0001), and needed a higher number of days of fasting (13.2 +/- 6.7 vs 6.5 +/- 4.8, P < .001). Enteral intake between 0 and 21 days of life (OR 0.66; 95% CI 0.53, 0.81, P < .0001) and oxygen therapy (OR 1.05; 95% CI 1.01, 1.09; P = .030) were identified as the best independent predictors of PNAC. CONCLUSIONS: Enteral feeding remains the main factor for the prevention of PNAC, whereas small for gestational age infants do not have a higher risk of PNAC.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)575-579
Numero di pagine5
RivistaJournal of Pediatrics
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • nutrition associated cholestasis

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Preterm small for gestational age infants are not at higher risk for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis.'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo