Pregnancy outcomes among ART-naive and ART-experienced HIV-positive women: Data from the ICONA foundation study group, years 1997-2013

Antonella D'Arminio Monforte, Laura Galli, Sergio Lo Caputo, Miriam Lichtner, Carmela Pinnetti, Nicoletta Bobbio, Daniela Francisci, Andrea Costantini, Antonella Cingolani, Francesco Castelli, Enrico Girardi, Antonella Castagna

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background: We analyzed antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens and pregnancy outcomes in naive and ART-experienced HIV-positive women from Italian Cohort Naive Antiretrovirals cohort and investigated frequency and predictors of detectable viral load (VL) at delivery. Methods: All pregnancies resulting in live births were included. Based on ART at the beginning of pregnancy, pregnancies were allocated either to the ART-naive or ART-experienced group. Analyses were stratified according to calendar periods. Multivariate logistic regression was used to describe predictors of detectable VL at delivery. Results: One hundred fifty-eight of 2862 women experienced 169 pregnancies (88 in naives and 81 in 70 ART-experienced women). ART regimens varied according to calendar periods; mono-dual combination regimens progressively decreased over time (P value for trend <0.0001). Protease inhibitor-including regimens were the most frequently used regimens at delivery (71.6% vs 63.0% in naives and in ART experienced, P = 0.2). VL was detectable in 35.6% of women at delivery; this was less likely with increasing calendar periods (adjusted odds ratio per 1-year longer: 0.8, 95% confidence interval: 0.7 to 0.9, P = 0.007) and more likely in women with HIV RNA >50 copies per milliliter at pregnancy ascertainment (adjusted odds ratio: 7.1, 95% confidence interval: 1.9 to 33.3, P = 0.006). Nevertheless, no cases of vertical transmission were diagnosed. Preterm birth rate of 17.3% (11.9% vs 22.6% naive and ART experienced, P = 0.1) was reported; this was not associated with ART duration or protease inhibitor-including regimens; 27.2% of infants had <2500 g birth weight. Conclusions: Antiretroviral regimens prescribed during pregnancy changed over time according to guidelines. Although undetectable VL was not always achieved, no vertical transmission occurred; preterm delivery and low birth weight occurred in some cases and still remain key issues.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)258-267
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014


  • ART experienced
  • ART naives
  • Adult
  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Detectable viral load
  • Female
  • HIV Infections
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Italy
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Preterm delivery
  • Protease Inhibitors
  • RNA, Viral
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Viral Load


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