Pre-Exposure to Defibrotide Prevents Endothelial Cell Activation by Lipopolysaccharide: An Ingenuity Pathway Analysis

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Defibrotide (DFB) effects on different endothelial cell pathways have been investigated focusing on a limited number of genes or molecules. This study explored the modulation of the gene expression profile of steady-state or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated endothelial cells, following the DFB exposure. Starting from differentially regulated gene expression datasets, we utilized the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to infer novel information about the activity of this drug. We found that effects elicited by LPS deeply differ depending on cells were exposed to DFB and LPS at the same time, or if the DFB priming occurs before the LPS exposure. Only in the second case, we observed a significant down-regulation of various pathways activated by LPS. In IPA, the pathways most affected by DFB were leukocyte migration and activation, vasculogenesis, and inflammatory response. Furthermore, the activity of DFB seemed to be associated with the modulation of six key genes, including matrix-metalloproteinases 2 and 9, thrombin receptor, sphingosine-kinase1, alpha subunit of collagen XVIII, and endothelial-protein C receptor. Overall, our findings support a role for DFB in a wide range of diseases associated with an exaggerated inflammatory response of endothelial cells.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)585519-N/A
RivistaFrontiers in Immunology
Volume11
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • defibrotide
  • endothelial cells
  • gene expression profile
  • ingenuity pathway analysis
  • lipopolysaccharide

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