Pre-eclampsia predictive ability of maternal miR-125b: a clinical and experimental study.

Giovanni Scambia, Nicoletta Di Simone, Chiara Tersigni, C Licini, C Avellini, E Picchiassi, E Mensà, S Fantone, D Ramini, G Tossetta, C Castellucci, F Tarquini, G Coata, I Giardina, A Ciavattini, Renzo GC Di, R Gesuita, SR Giannubilo, F Olivieri, D. Marzioni

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a systemic maternal syndrome affecting 2-8% of pregnancies worldwide and involving poor placental perfusion and impaired blood supply to the foetus. It manifests after the 20th week of pregnancy as new-onset hypertension and substantial proteinuria and is responsible for severe maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Identifying biomarkers that predict PE onset prior to its establishment would critically help treatment and attenuate outcome severity. MicroRNAs are ubiquitous gene expression modulators found in blood and tissues. Trophoblast cell surface antigen (Trop)-2 promotes cell growth and is involved in several cancers. We assessed the PE predictive ability of maternal miR-125b in the first trimester of pregnancy by measuring its plasma levels in women with normal pregnancies and with pregnancies complicated by PE on the 12th week of gestation. To gain insight into PE pathogenesis we investigated whether Trop-2 is targeted by miR-125b in placental tissue. Data analysis demonstrated a significant association between plasma miR-125b levels and PE, which together with maternal body mass index before pregnancy provided a predictivemodel with an area under the curve of 0.85 (95% confidence interval, 0.70-1.00). We also found that Trop-2 is a target ofmiR-125b in placental cells; its localization in the basal part of the syncytiotrophoblast plasma membrane suggests a role for it in the early onset of PE. Altogether, maternal miR-125b proved a promising early biomarker of PE, suggesting that it may be involved in placental development through its action on Trop-2 well before the clinical manifestations of PE.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-15
Numero di pagine15
RivistaTranslational Research
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • microRNA-125b
  • pre-eclampsia

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