Postoperative Changes in Fecal Bacterial Communities and Fermentation Products in Obese Patients Undergoing Bilio-Intestinal Bypass

Vania Patrone, Andrea Minuti, Maria Luisa Callegari, Lorenzo Morelli, Elia Vajana, Alessandro Federico, Carmela Loguercio, Marcello Dallio, Salvatore Tolone, Ludovico Docimo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

51 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the gut microbial ecology of 11 severely obese patients before and after bilio-intestinal bypass (BIB). Fecal samples were evaluated for microbial communities using 16S rDNA Illumina sequencing, real-time PCR targeting functional genes, and gas chromatography of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). At 6 months after surgery, subjects exhibited significant improvements in metabolic markers (body weight, glucose, and lipid metabolism) compared with baseline. The fecal microbiota of post-surgery individuals was characterized by an overall decrease of bacterial diversity, with a significant reduction in Lachnospiraceae, Clostridiaceae, Ruminococcaceae, Eubacteriaceae, and Coriobacteriaceae. On the contrary, there were significant increases of genera Lactobacillus, Megasphaera, and Acidaminococcus and the family Enterobacteriaceae. The pH was decreased in fecal samples from patients after BIB and SCFA profiles were altered, with lower percentages of acetate and propionate and higher levels of valerate and hexanoate. Some changes in the bacterial populations were associated with variations in the patients’ metabolic health parameters, namely Gemmiger and glucose, Lactobacillus and glucose, and Faecalibacterium and triglycerides. The results from this study of BIB patients furthers our understanding of the composition of gut microbiota and the functional changes that may be involved in improving obesity-related conditions following weight-loss surgery.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-13
Numero di pagine13
RivistaFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume7
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA
  • bariatric surgery
  • gut microbiota
  • illumina sequencing
  • obesity
  • short chain fatty acids
  • weight loss

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Postoperative Changes in Fecal Bacterial Communities and Fermentation Products in Obese Patients Undergoing Bilio-Intestinal Bypass'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo