BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the positron emission tomography-laparoscopy-based method in the prediction of complete/optimal cytoreduction in platinum sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: We analysed 223 consecutive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer patients. Inclusion criteria were absence of extra-abdominal disease and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status ≤2. Complete and optimal secondary cytoreduction are defined as macroscopic absence or less than 1 cm of residual tumor at the end of surgery. RESULTS: Laparoscopy was feasible in 210 of 223 patients (94.2 %). Laparoscopy stated 127 (60.5 %) possible cytoreductions and 83 (39.5 %) systemic chemotherapies. In the same population, AGO score evaluation avowed 150 possible cytoreduction (71.5 %) and 60 unresectable women (28.5 %). Overall, 115 of 210 patients (54.7 %) underwent successful secondary cytoreduction: complete and optimal cytoreduction was obtained in 103 (89.5 %) and 12 (10.5 %) patients, respectively. Laparoscopy obtained a positive predictive value of 91.3 %. Laparoscopy recovered to secondary cytoreduction 13 of 60 patients (21.7 %) deemed as not resectable according to AGO score. Forty-eight of 150 AGO score positive patients (32 %) were judged nonresectable by laparoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that laparoscopy could be effective for the selection of platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer patients suitable for complete cytoreduction.
- ovarian cancer