Pneumonectomy with and without induction chemo-radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer: short and long-term results from a single centre

Stefano Margaritora, Venanzio Porziella, Elisa Meacci, Filippo Lococo, Alfredo Cesario, Giacomo Cusumano, Rolando Maria D'Angelillo, Maria Teresa Congedo, Pierluigi Granone, A. Cesario, V. Dall'Armi, R. D'Angelillo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

14 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pneumonectomy for non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after induction radio-chemotherapy (IT) has been associated with high peri-operative risk and its safety and efficacy is still debated. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare short and long-term results of pneumonectomy in patients treated with and without IT (radiotherapy plus chemotherapy) for NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1995 to 2008, 85 consecutive patients underwent pneumonectomy: 49 received pre-operative radiotherapy and chemotherapy (IT group), and 36 patients did not (non-IT group). Peri-operative and long-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Major complications rate was 14.3% for IT group and 16.7% for non-IT group (p = n.s.). Mortality rate was 2% in IT group and 5.5% in non- IT group (p = n.s.). Post-operative hospital stay was significantly longer in the IT group (p < 0.0001) as the need for blood transfusion (p = 0.002). Indeed, the mortality rate was similar in the left- and right-sided operations. 5 years survival was 45.3% for IT group and 38.4% for non-IT group (p = n.s.) and 5 year disease free survival rates were 42.3% vs. 37.8% for the two groups, respectively (p = n.s.). Among the clinical, surgical and pathological features no differences on long term outcomes were found with regards to IT. DISCUSSION: Pneumonectomy is a feasible and safe procedure even after pre-operative IT. Our results showed a prolonged hospitalization and the need for blood transfusion in the IT group.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)29-40
Numero di pagine12
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume2013
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • M
  • Non small cell lung cancer

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