Physiology and pathophysiology of liver lipid metabolism

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

51 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Liver lipid metabolism and its modulation are involved in many pathologic conditions, such as obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Metabolic disorders seem to share a similar background of low-grade chronic inflammation, even if the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to tissue and organ damage have not been completely clarified yet. The accumulation of neutral lipids in the liver is now recognized as a beneficial and protective mechanism; on the other hand, lipoperoxidation is involved in the development and progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The role of the gut microbiota in liver lipid metabolism has been the object of recent scientific investigations. It is likely that the gut microbiota is involved in a complex metabolic modulation and the translocation of gut microflora may also contribute to maintaining the low-grade inflammatory status of metabolic syndrome. Therefore, lipid metabolism pathology has vague limits and complex mechanisms, and the knowledge of these is essential to guide diagnostic and therapeutic decisions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1055-1067
Numero di pagine13
RivistaEXPERT REVIEW OF GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY
Volume9
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • NAFLD
  • NASH
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cholesterol
  • gut microbiota
  • liver lipid metabolism
  • metabolic syndrome

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