Physiological parameters and protective energy dissipation mechanisms expressed in the leaves of two Vitis vinifera L. genotypes under multiple summer stresses

Sergio Tombesi, Tommaso Frioni, Stefano Poni, Alberto Palliotti, Oriana Silvestroni, Vania Lanari, Claudio D'Onofrio, Fabiola Matarese, Andrea Bellincontro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

24 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Photosynthetic performances and energy dissipation mechanisms were evaluated on the anisohydric cv. Sangiovese and on the isohydric cv. Montepulciano (Vitis vinifera L.) under conditions of multiple summer stresses. Potted vines of both cultivars were maintained at 90% and 40% of maximum water availability from fruit-set to veraison. One week before veraison, at predawn and midday, main gas-exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, chlorophyll content, xanthophyll pool and cycle and catalase activity were evaluated. Under water deficit and elevated irradiance and temperature, contrary to cv. Montepulciano and despite a significant leaf water potential decrease, Sangiovese's leaves kept their stomata more open and continued to assimilate CO2 while also showing higher water use efficiency. Under these environmental conditions, in comparison with the isohydric cv. Montepulciano, the protective mechanisms of energy dissipation exerted by the anisohydric cv. Sangiovese were: (i) higher stomatal conductance and thermoregulation linked to higher transpiration rate; (ii) greater ability at dissipating more efficiently the excess energy via the xanthophylls cycle activity (thermal dissipation) due to higher VAZ pool and greater increase of de-epoxidation activity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)84-92
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of Plant Physiology
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Catalase activity
  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • grapevine
  • multiple summer stresses
  • photosynthesis
  • xanthophylls

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