Objectives: We first estimated the prevalence of physical frailty in older subjects from the population-based Salus in Apulia Study (Apulia, Southern Italy), and its impact on all-cause mortality. Second, we explored the relationship between multimorbidity and physical frailty. Design: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses from a population-based study. Setting and participants: We analyzed data from the Salus in Apulia study, a population-based sample of 1929 subjects aged 65 years and older. Methods: These older participants underwent clinical, physical, and laboratory assessments. Physical frailty was operationalized using slightly modified Fried criteria. Multimorbidity status was defined as the co-presence of 2 or more chronic conditions. Results: The overall prevalence of physical frailty in this older population from Southern Italy was 14.8% [95% confidence interval (CI): 13.26–16.49]. Physical frailty subjects were significantly older (P < .01), had a lower educational level (P < .01), increased executive dysfunction (P < .01), higher serum levels interleukin-6 (P < .01), and white blood cells (P = .01). Multimorbidity status (P < .01), diabetes mellitus (P = .05), peripheral age-related hearing loss (P < .01), cognitive impairment (P < .01), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P = .02), and metabolic syndrome (P = .02) were also directly related to physical frailty. Apathy increased according to the severity of physical frailty status (P = .02). There was a significant increased risk of all-cause mortality for physical frailty subjects (hazard ratio: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.03–2.12, adjusted for age and sex) during the observation from the date of enrollment to the date of death (mean ± SD: 55.70 ± 22.19 months, median: 54 months). Conclusions and Implications: Frailty is the consequence of the contributory action of the aging process and some chronic diseases that hasten some of the changes concurrent with aging.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||Journal of the American Medical Directors Association|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2021|
- Cross-Sectional Studies
- Frail Elderly