Philosophical and theoretical content of the nursing discipline in academic education: A critical interpretive synthesis

Maria Luisa Rega, Fabia Telaretti, Koji Furuno, Shinji Yano, Kenji Akasaki, Yoshitaka Tanaka, Yasunori Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Tsuji, Masaru Himeno, Keitaro Kato

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Background: Nursing as clinical practice, management and research are based on nursing philosophy and theory. Thus, the philosophical and theoretical content is required to be incorporated in academic education in order to enable nurses' skills for reflection, analysis, and thinking about the profession. Objective: The aim of this review was to describe what is known of the philosophical and theoretical content of the nursing discipline within academic education. Design: A critical interpretive synthesis (CIS). Methods: Electronic searches were performed across four databases, CINAHL, Scopus, Medline, and Web of Science, for papers published in English from 1980 to 2016. The selection of original articles was based on stages, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were used. Quality of the selected papers were evaluated by method sensitive appraisal criteria. The five phases of CIS were used to combine the selected data. Results: The searches resulted 9148 titles, whereas 13 were selected. Nurses need philosophical and theoretical education in order to be aware of human health and explain the complexity of the human experience of illness. The philosophy of science, the philosophy of care, and theory development were highlighted as the key contents in nursing academic education as these subjects are central to the discipline that ensures that nurses acquire advanced skills. A model was developed that linked disciplinary issues the progression nursing science through the influence of advanced skills. Conclusions: Based on the findings in this study the philosophical and theoretical content of nursing discipline crates a basis for the academic education and enables a professional and exclusive vision for nurses. It provides an overall understanding of people's lives and support nurses to achieve deeper awareness of the meaning of illness and health in a person lifespan what is needed on the evidence-based decision making.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)74-81
Numero di pagine8
RivistaNurse Education Today
Volume57 (2017) 74–81
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Academic Discipline Education Nursing Philosophy Theory

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