Phase I-II trial of preoperative chemoradiation in locally advanced cervical carcinoma. Mancuso S1, Smaniotto D, Benedetti Panici P, Favale B, Greggi S, Manfredi R, Margariti PA, Morganti AG, Scambia G, Tortoreto F, Valentini V, Cellini N. Author information Abstract BACKGROUND: 5-Fluorouracil and cisplatin are characterized by in vitro synergism as well as radiosensitization. A phase I-II study was carried out on patients with invasive cervical carcinoma (FIGO IIB-IIIA) undergoing concomitant chemoradiation with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin followed by radical surgery. METHODS: Twenty-six patients of 53 years median age, 24 with IIB tumor and 2 with IIIA tumor, all with squamous carcinoma, entered the study. The chemoradiation protocol included external radiotherapy to the pelvis: 39.6 Gy (180 cGy/daily); 5-fluorouracil: 1 g/m(2)/daily, in continuous intravenous infusion days 1-4 and 27-30; cisplatin: 20 mg/m(2)/daily days 1-4 and 27-30. Four weeks after the end of chemoradiotherapy, patients underwent restaging and then radical surgery with pelvic and lumboaortic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients are evaluable for acute toxicity and 24 are evaluable for objective and pathologic response. Grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia or leukopenia was observed in 6 patients and grade 3 acute gastrointestinal toxicity in 3. After chemoradiation CR and PR were observed in 64 and 36% of cases, respectively (CR + PR = 100%). Two patients were excluded from surgery for other diseases. The remaining 24 patients were operated on; 23/24 patients showed negative section margins. The histology of the surgical specimen showed the absence of disease in 13 patients (54.2%), microscopic residual tumor in 4 patients (16.6%), residual disease </=1 cm in 5 patients, and residual disease >1 cm in 2 patients. Median follow up was 33 months. Two-year actuarial local control was 91.7%. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a particularly high rate of pathologic responses (complete + Tmic: 70.8%) and local control (2 years = 91.7%) in patients with advanced cervical cancer undergoing moderate doses of radiotherapy with concomitant chemotherapy followed by radical surgery.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2000|