Purpose: To estimate the cumulative incidence of postoperative retinal detachment (RD), rhegmatogenous retinal lesions requiring argon laser treatments, anterior (ACO) and posterior (PCO) capsule opacification, and neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy in patients with high myopia who had phacoemulsification without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology and Neurosurgery, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. Methods: Seventy-three eyes of 57 patients with high myopia who had phacoemulsification without IOL implantation from 1993 to 1996 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean postoperative follow-up was 62.3 months and the mean axial length, 30.22 mm (range 29.10 to 33.70 mm). The incidence of RD and preoperative and postoperative prophylactic argon laser photocoagulation for rhegmatog- enous retinal lesions were assessed. Between 1997 and 2000, ACO was evaluated subjectively and PCO was evaluated using the EPCO photographic image-analysis system. The incidence of Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy was noted. Results: Argon laser photocoagulation was performed in 8 eyes (10.9%) preoperatively and 3 eyes (4.1%) postoperatively. One RD (1.3%) was observed 26 months after surgery; no preoperative or postoperative prophylactic argon laser photocoagulation or Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy was performed in this eye. At 1 year, 49 eyes (67.1%) had mild ACO and 24 (32.8%) had anterior capsule fibrosis. The data did not change during subsequent follow-up visits. At 6 years, the mean PCO grade was 1.109 (range 0.972 to 2.931); an Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy was performed in 12 eyes (16.4%). Conclusions: Compared with other studies that evaluated the outcomes of highly myopic patients who had cataract surgery with posterior chamber IOL implantation, our patients, who did not have IOL implantation, had a lower incidence of postoperative rhegmatogenous retinal lesions requiring argon laser treatments and a similar incidence of postoperative RD and visually significant PCO. © 2003 ASCRS and ESCRS.
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