Pest categorisation of Mycodiella laricis-leptolepidis

Vittorio Rossi, Michael Jeger, Claude Bragard, David Caffier, Thierry Candresse, Elisavet Chatzivassiliou, Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz, Gianni Gilioli, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Josep Anton Jaques Miret, Alan Macleod, Maria Navajas Navarro, Björn Niere, Stephen Parnell, Roel Potting, Trond Rafoss, Gregor Urek, Ariena Van Bruggen, Wopke Van Der Werf, Jonathan WestStephan Winter, Johanna Boberg, Paolo Gonthier, Marco Pautasso

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panelon Plant Health (PLH) performed a pest categorisation of Mycodiellalaricis-leptolepidis, a well-defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Mycosphaerellaceae. The former species name Mycosphaerellalaricis-leptolepis is used in the Council Directive 2000/29/EC. The pathogen is regulated in Annex IAI as a harmful organism whose introduction into the EU is banned. M.laricis-leptolepidis is native to East Asia and causes a disease known as needle cast of Japanese larch (Larixkaempferi=Larixleptolepis) and Kurile larch (Larix gmelinii). European larch (Larix decidua) was found to be susceptible to the disease as introduced tree in Japan. The fungus could enter the EU via plants for planting and cut branches of Larix spp. It could establish in the EU, as hosts are present and climatic conditions are favourable. The pathogen would be able to spread following establishment by human movement of infected plants for planting and by dissemination of ascospores. Should the pathogen be introduced in the EU, impacts can be expected due to needle loss in larch forests and plantations, thus leading to reduced tree growth and ecosystem service provision. The use of resistant/tolerant varieties can reduce the impacts. The key uncertainties are the knowledge gaps concerning (i) the potential range of spread through ascospores and (ii) the level of impacts in the native range of the pathogen. The criteria assessed by the Panelfor consideration as a potential quarantine pest are met. For regulated non-quarantine pests, the criterion on the pest presence in the EU is not met. (C) 2018 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-25
Numero di pagine25
RivistaEFSA Journal
Volume16
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • European Union
  • Forest pathology
  • Pest risk
  • Plant health
  • Plant pest
  • Quarantine
  • Tree health

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