Personality, Schizophrenia, and Violence: A Longitudinal Study: The Second Wave of the VIORMED Project

Cesare Massimo Cavalera, Viola Bulgari, Mariateresa Ferla, Giovanni De Girolamo, Gioia Bottesi, Valentina Candini, Marta Ghisi, Mattia Bava, Giorgio Bianconi, Giuseppe Carrà, Giovanni Conte, Marta Cricelli, Laura Iozzino, Ambra Macis, Alberto Stefana

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

This study investigated the association between maladaptive personality traits, personality disorders (PDs), schizophrenia, and the risk of aggressive behavior. Ninety-four patients with a history of violence and 92 patients with no history of violence underwent a multidimensional baseline assessment. Aggressive behavior was monitored during a 1-year follow-up through the Modified Overt Aggression Scale. The Violent group scored significantly higher than the Control group on the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III) Antisocial, Sadistic, Borderline, and Paranoid personality scales. Irrespective of any history of violence, patients with PD as a primary diagnosis displayed more aggressive behaviors than those with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia during the follow-up. Furthermore, the most significant predictor of aggressive behaviors over time was endorsing a primary diagnosis of PD. Identifying the crucial risk factors for violent recidivism would contribute to reducing aggressive behavior in this population.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-19
Numero di pagine19
RivistaJournal of Personality Disorders
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • longitudinal
  • personality disorders
  • schizophrenia
  • violence

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