Patterns of Sensitivity to Emotion in Children with Williams Syndrome and Autism: Relations Between Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity and Social Functioning

Davide Crivelli, Anna Järvinen, Rowena Ng, Dirk Neumann, Mark Grichanik, Andrew J. Arnold, Philip Lai, Doris Trauner, Ursula Bellugi

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17 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are associated with atypical social-emotional functioning. Affective visual stimuli were used to assess autonomic reactivity and emotion identification, and the social responsiveness scale was used to determine the level social functioning in children with WS and ASD contrasted with typical development (TD), to examine syndrome-specific and syndrome-general features. Children with ASD exhibited the highest arousal in response to faces, with a lack of difference in autonomic sensitivity across different emotional expressions, unlike in WS and TD. The WS group demonstrated unique deficits in identifying neutral stimuli. While autonomic responsivity to neutral faces was associated with social functioning in all children, converging profiles characterized children with WS contrasted with TD and ASD.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2594-2612
Numero di pagine19
RivistaJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume45
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Emotion
  • Social behavior
  • Social functioning
  • Williams syndrome

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