p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 gene polymorphism and interaction with p53 exon 4 Arg72Pro on cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis of the literature

Gualtiero Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia, Emma De Feo, Benedetto Simone, Rachel Simo Kamgaing, Paola Gallì, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Zhibin Hu, Guojun Li, Yuan Li, Keitaro Matsuo, Jae Yong Park, Susanta Roychoudhury, Margaret R Spitz, Qingyi Wei, Jian Hui Zhang

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The p73 gene (1p36-33) is involved in cancer development through cell growth inhibition by inducing apoptosis in a p53-like manner. The p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 dinucleotide polymorphism, consisting of two single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the non-coding region of exon 2 that are in complete linkage disequilibrium, has been extensively studied in association with cancer risk. We performed a meta-analysis of published studies that examined the association between this p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 polymorphism and cancer by searching for relevant studies on Medline and Embase up to February 28, 2010. Pooling data from 19 case-control studies that included 6510 cancer cases and 5711 controls, we found that carriers of the p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 homozygous variant genotype (AT/AT) had an increased global risk of cancer [odds ratio (OR) = 1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.03-1.65]. There was no evidence of an effect modification of p73 AT/AT by age, gender, ethnicity or smoking status in subgroup analyses; however, a 1.35-fold statistically significant increased risk was found among individuals <55 years old. In case-only analysis, the homozygous p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 variant of p73 genotype was associated with the presence of the p53 exon 4 Arg72Pro allele (OR = 1.30, 95% CI, 1.02-1.64), which is suggestive of a biological interaction between the two genes in carcinogenesis. In conclusion, the p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 homozygous variant genotype might be a risk factor for cancer, especially in combination with the p53 exon 4 Arg72Pro polymorphism. Further studies looking at p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 and p53 exon 4 Arg72Pro interaction are required to support our findings.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)267-273
Numero di pagine7
RivistaMutagenesis
Volume27
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • Cancer susceptibility
  • Humans
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Risk Factors
  • meta-analysis of the literature
  • p53 exon 4 Arg72Pro
  • p73 G4C14-to-A4T14

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