Overcoming platinum resistance in ovarian cancer treatment: from clinical practice to emerging chemical therapies

Claudia Marchetti, Federica Tomao, Alessia Romito, Anna Di Pinto, Violante Di Donato, Oriana Capri, Innocenza Palaia, Marco Monti, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this review is to summarize results from clinical trials that tested cytotoxic drugs and target strategies for the treatment of platinum resistant (PR) recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) with particular attention to Phase III and ongoing trials. Areas covered: Since platinum free interval (PFI) represents the most important predictive factor for response to platinum re-treatment in ROC, non-platinum regimens are conventionally considered the most appropriate approaches. Impressive progress has been made in recent decades, resulting in the identification of most effective cytotoxic agents and in the development of new target strategies. However, the efficacy of most of these drugs for the treatment of PR disease is still limited. Expert opinion: The most favorable benefit for the treatment of PR disease, has been described by the AURELIA trial that showed a 3.3 months increase in progression free survival (PFS) when bevacizumab was combined with non-platinum single agent chemotherapy in bevacizumab-naïve patients. Nevertheless, the use of novel agents is associated to important costs for just little gains in survival. Thus, in our opinion the economic evaluation, such as the incorporation of quality of life into the clinical studies is crucial for the development of future trials for PR-ROC.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1443-1455
Numero di pagine13
RivistaEXPERT OPINION ON PHARMACOTHERAPY
Volume18
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • clinical practice
  • target therapies
  • platinum resistance
  • Ovarian cancer

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