Purpose: To present the outcomes of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) resection from five Italian centres, focussing the analysis on the comparison among open (OG), laparoscopic (LG) and robotic (RG) approaches. Methods: All consecutive gastric wedge resections for GIST between 2009 and 2019 were included. Results: In total 101 (OG = 14, LG = 63 and RG = 24) were included. No differences were seen in the preoperative characteristics among the groups. Robotic procedures were longer (RG 180 min vs. LG 100 vs. OG 110; p < 0.0001). Time-to-first flatus and length of hospital stay were significantly longer in the OG group. Complication rates were similar among the groups. A sub-analysis on minimally invasive (RG = 19 vs. LG = 20) wedge resections and hand/robot-sewn suture showed that operative time was longer in the RGs (p = 0.007). No conversions were recorded in the RG group versus three in the LG group (p = 0.231). Safety-related factors were similar. Conclusions: Gastric GIST can be safely treated with a minimally invasive approach which is also associated with improved postoperative outcomes.
- gastrointestinal stromal tumour
- minimally invasive gastric resection
- robotic gastrectomy
- robotic surgery