Ontogeny of the fetal immune system: study on pregnancies with Rh-isoimmunization and nonimmune fetal hydrops

Marco De Santis, Luigi Colacicco, Salvatore Mancuso, Giuseppe Noia, Carlo Rumi, Alessandro Caruso, D Romano, Ml Gozzo, S Mariorenzi, G Straface

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims at observing and comparing the antigen expression of some fetal T- and B-lymphocyte subpopulations in Rh-isoimmunization, which determines anemic hypoxia in the fetus, and nonimmune fetal hydrops (NIFH) which, even if there are some etiological factors involved, causes hipoxic hypoxia in the fetus. Twelve fetuses were studied by way of 30 fetal blood samples obtained by ultrasound-guided cordocentesis between the 20th and 36th gestational week. Twenty-four blood samples in all where taken from the eight fetuses with Rh-isoimmunization. Six blood samples were obtained from the four fetuses with NIFH. The lymphocyte phenotypes studied by monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry were the following: CD3, CD4, CD8, expression of T-lymphocyte subpopulations; BsIg, CD19, expression of B-lymphocyte subpopulations. We observed a near-normal maturation process in fetuses with Rh isoimmunization, whereas in fetuses with NIFH we observed inhibition and/or delayed expression of T-lymphocytes. An early and increased B-lymphocyte activation marked a cooperation between the two systems in the early gestational periods.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)115-118
Numero di pagine4
RivistaClinical Immunology
Volume90
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1999

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Antigens, CD
  • B-Lymphocytes
  • Female
  • Fetal Blood
  • Fetal Hypoxia
  • Fetus
  • Humans
  • Hydrops Fetalis
  • Immune System
  • Lymphocyte Subsets
  • Pregnancy
  • Rh Isoimmunization
  • T-Lymphocytes

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