Abstract

The interest in the modulation of gut microbiota by polyphenols from olives and derived products is increasing. In this work, phenolic leaf extracts (PLE) were in vitro faecal fermented to evaluate the changes in phenolic profiles and the impact on microbiota, using a commercial extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) as reference. The in vitro fermentation decreased oleuropein content in PLE, determining an increase of hydroxytyrosol and other phenolic metabolites. An increase (p < 0.05) of hydroxytyrosol (LogFC = 6.02; VIP score = 1.05) was also observed in fermented EVOO. Besides, PLE significantly (p < 0.05) changed amino acids (LogFC = 6.1) and fatty acids (LogFC = 5.9) profile of the faeces. Metagenomic sequencing revealed that Coriobacteriaceae at the family level, and Collinsella at the genus level, were the most affected by PLE fermentation. These findings support the modulation of the gut microbiota exerted by phenolics from PLE and EVOO.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)132187-132187
Numero di pagine1
RivistaFood Chemistry
Volume380
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • EVOO
  • Fermentation
  • Foodomics
  • Metagenomics
  • Oleuropein
  • Pathway analysis
  • Plant Oils
  • Iridoid Glucosides
  • Olea
  • Olive Oil
  • Plant Extracts
  • Microbiota
  • Intestine, Large

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