Nutritional Support in Lung Cancer Patients: The State of the Art

Maria Cristina Mele, Emanuele Rinninella, Giampaolo Tortora, Antonio Gasbarrini, Emilio Bria, Gabriele Pulcini, Futura Grassi, Carmelo Pozzo, Marco Cintoni, Ilaria Trestini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Lung cancer (LC) represents the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm worldwide for both sexes and is the leading cause of cancer mortality. Malnutrition is a comorbidity frequently found in neoplastic patients, but it remains often underestimated and thus undertreated. In this review, we aimed to investigate the incidence of malnutrition among LC patients according to different screening and assessment tools, to evaluate the impact of weight loss and body composition on survival, and to analyze the efficacy of different nutritional interventions in this setting. Although malnutrition, weight loss, and body composition changes can affect survival and other clinical outcomes in LC patients, the role of nutritional interventions is not yet strongly proven, and further studies are recommended. Nevertheless, screening, assessing, and eventually treating malnutrition in LC patients are strongly recommended, according to the most recent nutritional intervention guidelines for oncology patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)584-594
Numero di pagine11
RivistaClinical Lung Cancer
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • CT scan
  • Clinical nutrition
  • Malnutrition
  • Muscle mass
  • Personalized nutrition

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