Nutritional Interventions during Chemotherapy for Pancreatic Cancer: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies

Marco Cintoni, Futura Grassi, Marta Palombaro, Emanuele Rinninella, Gabriele Pulcini, Agnese Di Donato, Lisa Salvatore, Giuseppe Quero, Giampaolo Tortora, Sergio Alfieri, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maria Cristina Mele

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Background: Pancreatic cancer incidence is growing, but the prognosis for survival is still poor. Patients with pancreatic cancer often suffer from malnutrition and sarcopenia, two clinical conditions that negatively impact oncological clinical outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the impact of different nutritional interventions on clinical outcomes in patients with pancreatic cancer during chemotherapy. Methods: A systematic review of MedLine, EMBASE, and Web of Science was carried out in December 2022, identifying 5704 articles. Titles and abstracts of all records were screened for eligibility based on inclusion criteria, and nine articles were included. Results: All nine articles included were prospective studies, but a meta-analysis could not be performed due to heterogenicity in nutritional intervention. This Systematic Review shows an improvement in Quality of Life, nutritional status, body composition, oral intake, and Karnofsky Performance Status, following nutritional interventions. Conclusions: This Systematic Review in pancreatic cancer patients during chemotherapies does not allow one to draw firm conclusions. However, nutritional support in pancreatic cancer patients is advisable to ameliorate oncological care. Further well-designed prospective studies are needed to identify nutritional support's real impact and to establish a reliable way to improve nutritional status of pancreatic cancer patients during chemotherapy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)727-N/A
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2023


  • Oral Nutritional Supplements
  • Quality of Life
  • supportive care
  • nutritional support
  • pancreatic cancer
  • body composition


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