Novel manifestations of immune dysregulation and granule defects in gray platelet syndrome

Erica De Candia, Matthew C. Sims, Louisa Mayer, Janine H. Collins, Tadbir K. Bariana, Karyn Megy, Cecile Lavenu-Bombled, Denis Seyres, Laxmikanth Kollipara, Frances S. Burden, Daniel Greene, Dave Lee, Antonio Rodriguez-Romera, Marie-Christine Alessi, William J. Astle, Wadie F. Bahou, Loredana Bury, Elizabeth Chalmers, Rachael Da Silva, Sri V.V. DeeviSamantha Farrow, Keith Gomez, Luigi Grassi, Andreas Greinacher, Paolo Gresele, Dan Hart, Marie-Françoise Hurtaud, Anne M. Kelly, Ron Kerr, Sandra Le Quellec, Thierry Leblanc, Eva B. Leinøe, Rutendo Mapeta, Harriet Mckinney, Alan D. Michelson, Sara Morais, Diane Nugent, Sofia Papadia, Soo J. Park, John Pasi, Gian Marco Podda, Man-Chiu Poon, Rachel Reed, Mallika Sekhar, Hanna Shalev, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Orna Steinberg-Shemer, Jonathan C. Stephens, Robert C. Tait, Ernest Turro, John K.M. Wu, Barbara Zieger, Taco W. Kuijpers, Anthony D. Whetton, Albert Sickmann, Kathleen Freson, Kate Downes, Wendy N. Erber, Mattia Frontini, Paquita Nurden, Willem H. Ouwehand, Remi Favier, Jose A. Guerrero

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Gray platelet syndrome (GPS) is a rare recessive disorder caused by biallelic variants in NBEAL2 and characterized by bleeding symptoms, the absence of platelet ɑ-granules, splenomegaly and bone marrow (BM) fibrosis. Due to its rarity, it has been difficult to fully understand the pathogenic processes that lead to these clinical sequelae. To discern the spectrum of pathological features, we performed a detailed clinical genotypic and phenotypic study of 47 GPS patients. We identified 32 new etiological variants in NBEAL2. Our GPS patient cohort exhibited known phenotypes, including macrothrombocytopenia, BM fibrosis, megakaryocyte emperipolesis of neutrophils, splenomegaly, and elevated serum vitamin B12 levels. We also observed novel clinical phenotypes; these include reduced leukocyte counts and increased presence of autoimmune disease and positive autoantibodies. There were widespread differences in the transcriptome and proteome of GPS platelets, neutrophils, monocytes, and CD4-lymphocytes. Proteins less abundant in these cells were enriched for constituents of granules, supporting a role for Nbeal2 in the function of these organelles across a wide range of blood cells. Proteomic analysis of GPS plasma showed increased levels of proteins associated with inflammation and immune response. One quarter of plasma proteins increased in GPS are known to be synthesized outside of hematopoietic cells, predominantly in the liver. In summary, our data demonstrate that, in addition to the well-described platelet defects in GPS, there are also immune defects. The abnormal immune cells may be the drivers of systemic abnormalities, such as autoimmune disease.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaBlood
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Bleeding disease
  • Grey platelet syndrome
  • Platelet disease

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