A 3-year prospective matched case-control study was performed to investigate the potential risk factors, prognostic indicators, extension of hospital stay, and attributable mortality of nosocomial bloodstream infections in HIV-infected patients. Matching variables were: age, gender, number of circulating CD4+ T lymphocytes, cause of hospital admission, hospitalization in the same ward within the 6 weeks of diagnosis of the case, and length of stay before the day of infection in the case. Eighty-four cases and 168 matched controls were studied. Nosocomial bloodstream infections complicated about 3 of 1000 hospital days per patient in the study period. With step-wise logistic regression analysis, the most important predictors for developing nosocomial bloodstream infections were: increasing value of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) score (p = .001) and use of central venous catheter (CVC) (p = .002). The excess of hospital stay attributable to nosocomial bloodstream infections was 17 days. The crude mortality rate was 43%. The attributable mortality rate was estimated to be 27% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 13%-48%). The estimated risk ratio for death was 3.91 (95% CI = 2.06-7.44). Multivariate analysis identified two prognostic indicators that were significantly associated with unfavorable outcome of bloodstream infections: number of circulating CD4+ T cells <100/mm3 (p = .002) and APACHE II score >15 (p = .01). Nosocomial bloodstream infections are more common in patients with advanced HIV disease. Important cofactors are high APACHE II score and use of CVC. These infections can cause an excess mortality and significantly prolong the hospital stay of HIV-infected patients.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 1998|
- bloodstream infections