Nonstandard Hubbard model and electron pairing

Matteo Zendra*, Fausto Borgonovi, G. L. Celardo, S. Gurvitz

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

We present a nonstandard Hubbard model applicable to arbitrary single-particle potential profiles and in- terparticle interactions. Our approach involves a treatment of Wannier functions, free from the ambiguities of conventional methods and applicable to finite systems without periodicity constraints. To ensure the consistent evaluation of Wannier functions, we develop a perturbative approach, utilizing the barrier penetration coefficient as a perturbation parameter. With the defined Wannier functions as a basis, we derive the Hubbard Hamiltonian, revealing the emergence of density-induced and pair tunneling terms alongside standard contributions. Our in- vestigation demonstrates that long-range interparticle interactions can induce a mechanism for repulsive particle pairing. This mechanism relies on the effective suppression of single-particle tunneling due to density-induced tunneling. Contrary to expectations based on the standard Hubbard model, an increase in interparticle interaction does not lead to an insulating state. Instead, our proposed mechanism implies the coherent motion of correlated electron pairs, similar to bound states within a multiwell system, resistant to decay from single-electron tunneling transitions. These findings carry significant implications for various phenomena, including the formation of flat bands, the emergence of superconductivity in twisted bilayer graphene, and the possibility of a metal-insulator transition.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-11
Numero di pagine11
RivistaPHYSICAL REVIEW. B
Volume195137
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024

Keywords

  • quantum transport, Extended Hubbard model, pair tunnelling

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