Non-invasive evaluation of mammary artery flow reserve and adequacy to increased myocardial oxygen demand

Mario Fulvio Luigi Gaudino, Michele Lorenzo Serricchio, Paolo Tondi, Franco Glieca, Alessandro Giordano, Carlo Trani, Paolo Pola, Gianfederico Possati

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

13 Citazioni (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the flow reserve and adequacy to meet myocardial requests in stress conditions of mammary artery-left anterior descending (IMA-LAD) grafts using a non-invasive method. Methods: Patients (20) with angiographic evidence of normofunctioning left IMA-LAD grafts were submitted to dypiridamole Tl201 myocardial scintigraphy and concomitant transthoracic echo-doppler evaluation of the IMA flow at a mean interval of 32.5 months after surgery. Results: Under basal conditions, the mean peak and end flow velocities in systole were 0.39 and 0.06 m/s, respectively In diastole, the mean peak and end flow velocities were 0.27 and 0.02 m/s and mean tele-diastolic flow velocity was 0.14 m/s, with a mean systolic/diastolic ratio of 1.51. After dypiridamole infusion, mean systolic velocities were 0.47 (peak) and 0.23 (end) m/s, respectively +20 and +283%, whereas mean diastolic velocities were 0.56 (peak) and 0.06 (end) m/s, +107 and +200%, respectively. Mean tele-diastolic flow velocity increased to 0.32 m/s (+ 128%) and the systolic-diastolic index changed to 0.85. In all cases no significant scintigraphic evidence of induced ischemia was demonstrated in the LAD region. Conclusions: Transthoracic echo-doppler evaluation combined with Tl201 myocardial scintigraphy is a useful tool for the assessment of IMA flow reserve and adequacy to stress conditions. In the late postoperative period, the IMA shows the possibility of increasing the flow velocity, almost 2-fold; the increase in flow is prevalently diastolic and leads to a complete reversal of the physiological systolic/diastolic flow ratio. The flow reserve of IMA is always able to meet the augmented myocardial oxygen demand after dypiridamole infusion.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)404-409
Numero di pagine6
RivistaEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1998


  • 201
  • Aged
  • Coronary Disease
  • Echo-Doppler
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Female
  • Flow reserve
  • Humans
  • Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis
  • Internal mammary artery
  • Male
  • Mammary Arteries
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardium
  • Oxygen
  • Postoperative Period
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • Tl
  • myocardial scintigraphy


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