-No evidence of hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in patients submitted to hepatectomy or in patients with acute on chronic liver failure

Felice Giuliante, Maria Assunta Zocco, Francesco Ardito, Gennaro Nuzzo, Salvatore Mancuso, Giovanni Battista Gasbarrini, Antonio Gasbarrini, Cristiana Di Campli, Anna Chiara Piscaglia, Sergio Rutella, Giuseppina Bonanno, Giuseppe Leone, Paolo Pola

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Liver regeneration is a heterogeneous phenomenon involving the proliferation of different cell lineages in response to injury. Under a strong positive selection pressure bone marrow derived stem cells may be involved in this process, by making a contribution to both parenchymal restoration and endothelial cell replacement. We investigate bone marrow stem cell migration to the liver in patients undergoing hepatectomy or with acute on chronic liver failure. METHODS: We enrolled 6 patients submitted to hepatectomy, 6 patients to cholecystectomy and 8 patients with acute decompensation of liver cirrhosis. Mobilization of CD34+ cells was evaluated by cytofluorimetry on peripheral blood samples at different time points; baseline, 1, 3, 7, 15 and 30 days after surgery and at admission, 1, 7 and discharge among patients with acute on chronic liver failure. 10 healthy subjects undergoing blood donation were also enrolled to evaluated the basal value of CD34+ cells. RESULTS: White blood cell counts remained in the normal range (4.1-9.8 x 10(9)/L) in all groups throughout the follow-up. In all patients of Groups 1, 2 and 3, circulating CD34+ failed to show statistically significant differences both as the absolute number and as the percentage at any time point compared to healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Bone marrow derived cell mobilization can not be detected after hepatectomy or during an acute decompensation on a cirrhotic liver. Under these circumstances liver regeneration can probably call upon mature hepatocytes and endogenous progenitor cells. The involvement of extrahepatic progenitors if any, is a rare and limited phenomenon.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2563-2566
Numero di pagine4
RivistaTransplantation Proceedings
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2005

Keywords

  • hematopoietic stem cell mobilization

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