News framing of e-cigarettes: A cross-national study of the US, UK, and Korea

Jin-Ae Kang, Peter Schulz, Glenn T. Hubbard, Jooyun Hwang, Adrienne Muldrow, Brenna Barber, Catherine Lochner

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

This study explores the growing news coverage of e-cigarettes regard-ing, (a) how the arguments regarding e-cigarettes are presented in the print news media in the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), and Korea; (b) which arguments were under-represented; and (c) to what extent scientific research shapes the arguments. Results suggest that the most salient argument in the US and UK was that e-cigarettes are less harmful (or “safer”) than regular cigarettes. Although both US and UK news recognized e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool, US news framed e-cigarettes from a negative viewpoint. In Korean news, the dominant argument concerned e-cigarette ingredients. The public health frame competed against economic frames in Korean media coverage. With the exception of epidemiological data, scientific studies received very little media coverage in all three countries. Reports of scientific uncertainty were correlated with the level of controversy on e-cigarette issues, and limitations of scientific studies were described to highlight such controversy. Lastly, we discussed issues that were neglected in the news regarding e-cigarettes in all three countries.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)937-956
Numero di pagine20
RivistaCommunication Studies
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021
Pubblicato esternamente

Keywords

  • E-cigarettes
  • content analysis
  • health communication
  • media framing
  • news
  • vaping

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