Neuroeconomics: taxpayers’ brain and personality

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroContributo a convegno

Abstract

Objective Paying taxes demonstrates the well-functioning of tax policies and it is necessary to finance public goods. Despite taxes are defined as the fuel of civilizations and the governments underline the crucial importance of taxation, the understanding of why people pay them remains limited. The present research aimed at detecting the cognitive responses during tax compliance experiment by considering characteristics of personality. Participants and methods We evaluated the decision-making process to pay taxes of thirty healthy participants during two different phases: individual phase, where the participant is the only one taxpayer who decides unconditionally whether paying taxes on his income; social phase, where the participant pays taxes with four other taxpayers in order to ensure public welfare. Each phases consisted of twenty rounds where participants had to decide whether paying taxes. Brain oscillations (delta, theta, alpha, beta) were monitored within the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) when subjects expressed their payment intention. At the end of the experiment the taxpayers completed a questionnaire, the Italian version of the tax compliance inventory TAX-I. TAX-I assesses tax compliance and distinguishes between two forms of compliance and non-compliance: voluntary compliance (spontaneous willingness to cooperate) and enforced compliance (tax payments according to the law arise from taxpayers’ concern of being audited and fined). Results Especially in social phase, it was observed higher DLPFC delta and theta activity when enforced taxpayers decided to be compliant. DLPFC was more responsive to social phase when enforced taxpayers paid taxes. In line with electroencephalographic results, behavioural data showed how enforced taxpayers decided to pay taxes especially in social phase and evade in individual phase. Conclusion In the presence of other taxpayers, enforced subjects chose an empathic and pro-social behaviour. Probably this result is driven by the preference to be social norm compliant.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteAbstract Book of the «6th Meeting of the Federation of the European Societies of Neuropsychology»
Pagine109
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017
Evento6th Meeting of the Federation of the European Societies of Neuropsychology - Maastricht
Durata: 13 set 201715 set 2017

Convegno

Convegno6th Meeting of the Federation of the European Societies of Neuropsychology
CittàMaastricht
Periodo13/9/1715/9/17

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Neural activity
  • Personality
  • Tax compliance
  • Taxes

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