Mythical numbers and the proceeds of organised crime: estimating mafi proceeds in Italy

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Abstract

Organised crime is a field vulnerable to mythical numbers, i.e. exaggerated estimates lacking empirical support, but acquiring acceptance through repetition. The figures on mafia proceeds in Italy are a striking example of this problem. This study proposes an estimation of mafia proceeds in Italy from nine criminal activities (sexual exploitation of women, illicit firearms trafficking, drug trafficking, counterfeiting, the illicit cigarette trade, illicit gambling, illicit waste disposal, loan sharking, and extortion racketeering) by region and type of mafia (Cosa Nostra, Camorra, ‘Ndrangheta, Apulian mafias, and other mafias). The results estimate yearly mafia proceeds at approximately €10.7 bn (0.7% of the Italian GDP), discussing the impact on the regional and national economies and the differences among the types of mafias as to their geographical sources of revenues.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteCriminal Markets & Mafia Proceeds
EditorERNESTO UGO SAVONA, FRANCESCO CALDERONI
Pagine138-164
Numero di pagine27
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Organized Crime
  • Proceeds of Crime

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