Mycotoxins in maize: mitigation actions, with a chain management approach

Roberta Palumbo, Ana Gonçalves, Athanasios Gkrillas, Antonio Logrieco, Jean Lou Dorne, Chiara Dall’Asta, Armando Venâncio, Paola Battilani*

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Maize is the principal staple food/feed crop exposed to mycotoxins, and the co-occurrence of multiple mycotoxins and their metabolites has been well docu- mented. This review presents the infection cycle, ecology, and plant-pathogen interac- tions of Aspergillus and Fusarium species in maize, and current knowledge on maize chain management to mitigate the occurrence of aflatoxins and fumonisins. Preven- tive actions include at pre-harvest, as part of cropping systems, at harvest, and at post- harvest, through storage, processing, and detoxification to minimize consumer expo- sure. Preventive actions in the field have been recognized as efficient for reducing the entrance of mycotoxins into production chains. Biological control of Aspergillus flavus has been recognized to minimize contamination with aflatoxins. Post-harvest maize grain management is also crucial to complete preventive actions, and has been made mandatory in government food and feed legislation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)5-28
Numero di pagine24
RivistaPhytopathologia Mediterranea
Volume59
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Aspergillus
  • Fusarium,
  • aflatoxins
  • deoxynivalenol
  • fumonisins

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