MYC up-regulation confers resistance to everolimus and establishes vulnerability to cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors in pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms cells

Claudio Sette, Francesca Terracciano, Alessia Capone, Andrea Montori, Maria Rinzivillo, Stefano Partelli, Francesco Panzuto, Emanuela Pilozzi, Paolo Giorgio Arcidiacono, Gabriele Capurso

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Introduction Dysregulation of the mTORC1-dependent pathways in pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PanNENs) underlies the introduction of the mTORC1 inhibitor everolimus as treatment of advanced progressive PanNENs. Although everolimus significantly increases progression free survival, most patients acquire secondary resistance to the drug. This study aimed at identifying mechanisms involved in acquisition of resistance to everolimus. Methods BON-1 and everolimus-resistant (ER) BON-1 cells were used as in vitro system of sensitivity and acquired resistance. Transcriptome changes occurring in BON-1 and ER-BON-1 were investigated by RNA sequencing and validated by quantitative PCR analysis. RNA extracted from patients' biopsies was used to validate MYC up-regulation. Drug screening and functional assays were performed using ER-BON-1 cells. Cell cycle progression was evaluated by FACS analysis. Results Our results show that MYC overexpression is a key event in the development of secondary resistance to everolimus in PanNENs cell lines and in metastatic lesions from NEN patients. MYC knock-down restored ER-BON-1 sensitivity to everolimus. Pharmacological inhibition of MYC mediated by the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor Dinaciclib strongly reduced viability of ER-BON-1. Dinaciclib synergized with everolimus and inhibited ER-BON-1 cell cycle progression. Discussion Our findings suggest that MYC up-regulation drives the development of secondary resistance to everolimus in PanNENs and that its inhibition is an exploitable vulnerability. Indeed, our results indicate that combined treatments with cyclin-dependent kinase and mTOR inhibitors may counteract secondary resistance to everolimus in PanNENs and may pave the ground for new therapeutic regimens for these tumors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaNeuroendocrinology
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • MYC

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