Background: We report our experience and outcomes about the management of Askin's tumors [AT], which are rare primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) that develop within the soft tissue of the thoracopulmonary region, typically in children and adolescents. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the charts of 9 patients affected by AT (aged 6-15 years), treated at the Paediatric Oncology Unit of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome between January 2001 and December 2016. Results: All nine patients underwent to biopsy followed by neoadjuvant chemotherapy. At the end of the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, they underwent to surgical removal of the residual tumor. Five patients with positive tumor margins and/or necrosis< 90% received local radiotherapy. Two patients with metastasis received an intensified treatment, with the addition of high dose adjuvant chemotherapy followed by peripheral blood stem cells rescue. No statistically significant correlation was found between outcome and gender; the presence of any metastasis and the radiotherapy. The overall survival was 65.14 months (95% confidence interval [95%CI], 45.81-84.48), and the 5 years survival was 60%, at a median follow-up of 53.1 months. Conclusion: Our study confirms that a multimodal treatment with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy may increase the survival in AT pediatric patients.
- Askin's tumors
- Thoracopulmonary region