Monomer-dimer equilibrium and oxygen binding properties of ferrous Vitreoscilla hemoglobin

L Giangiacomo, M Mattu, Alessandro Arcovito, G Bellenchi, M Bolognesi, P Ascenzi, A. Boffi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

43 Citazioni (Scopus)


The monomer-dimer equilibrium and the oxygen binding properties of ferrous recombinant Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (Vitreoscilla Hb) have been investigated. Sedimentation equilibrium data indicate that the ferrous deoxygenated and carbonylated derivatives display low values of equilibrium dimerization constants, 6 x 10(2) and 1 x 10(2) M(-1), respectively, at pH 7.0 and 10 degrees C. The behavior of the oxygenated species, as measured in sedimentation velocity experiments, is superimposable to that of the carbonylated derivative. The kinetics of O(2) combination, measured by laser photolysis at pH 7.0 and 20 degrees C, is characterized by a second-order rate constant of 2 x 10(8) M(-1) s(-1) whereas the kinetics of O(2) release at pH 7.0 is biphasic between 10 and 40 degrees C, becoming essentially monophasic below 10 degrees C. Values of the first-order rate constants (at 20 degrees C) and of the activation energies for the fast and slow phases of the Vitreoscilla Hb deoxygenation process are 4.2 s(-1) and 19.2 kcal mol(-1) and 0.15 s(-1) and 24.8 kcal mol(-1), respectively. Thus the biphasic kinetics of Vitreoscilla Hb deoxygenation is unrelated to the association state of the protein. The observed biphasic oxygen release may be accounted for by the presence of two different conformers in thermal equilibrium within the monomer. The two conformers may be assigned to a structure in which the heme-iron-bound ligand is stabilized by direct hydrogen bonding to TyrB10 and a structure in which such interaction is absent. The slow interconversion between the two conformers may reflect a very large conformational rearrangement in the disordered distal pocket segment connecting helices C and E.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)9311-9316
Numero di pagine6
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2001


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Binding Sites
  • Dimerization
  • Ferric Compounds
  • Ferrous Compounds
  • Hemoglobins
  • Kinetics
  • Oxygen
  • Sonication
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Temperature
  • Truncated Hemoglobins
  • Ultracentrifugation
  • Vitreoscilla


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