Vinflunine is the only cytotoxic agent tested as a second line therapy in transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium in a phase III trial. It is not largely employed in clinical practice because of the high incidence of grade 3-4 toxicity. We evaluated efficacy and safety of Vinflunine at the dose of 280 mg/m2 every 3 weeks associated with primary prophylaxis with granulocyte growth factors and laxatives for patients progressed after platinum + Gemcitabine. Overall survival was 8.5 months, progression-free survival 4.33 months and response rate 25%, with disease control rate 57.2%. Grade III-IV neutropenia occurred in 10.7% of the patients, grade III-IV anemia and grade III thrombocytopenia in 10.7% and 7.2%, respectively. Among non haematological toxicity, grade I-II constipation was reported in 14.2% of the patients, without grade III-IV adverse events. No discontinuation for toxicity was observed. This study underlines that Vinfluinine at a dose of 280 mg/m2associated with primary prophylaxis for neutropenia and constipation is effective and with a favorable toxicity profile.
- Second line
- Transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium