Monoclonal antibody fragment from combinatorial phage display library neutralizes alpha-latrotoxin activity and abolishes black widow spider venom lethality, in mice

Francesca Bugli, Luca Masucci, Michela Sali, Enzo Ricci, Giovanni Fadda, Rosalia Graffeo, Riccardo Torelli, Francesco Paroni Sterbini, A Grasso, S Rufini, M Pescatori

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

22 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Alpha-latrotoxin (alpha-ltx), a component of the venom of black widow spiders (BWSV), binds to higher vertebrates presynaptic nerve terminals, stimulating massive neurotransmitter release. This neurotoxic protein is responsible for most of the symptoms elicited in men by the bite of black widow spider (BWS), i.e. a neurological syndrome named latrodectism. By reasoning that targeting this single component would abrogate most of the effect of BWS envenomation, we took advantage of the antibody phage display technology to generate monoclonal Fab fragments able to bind and neutralize the alpha-ltx. To this aim, we immunized Balb/c mice with purified toxin and cloned their antibody repertoire in the pCombIII phage display vector. By combining a high-stringency affinity selection with a sensitive 45Ca(2+) uptake assay, we isolated a Fab fragment (FM1) able to bind the alpha-ltx in the low nM range and neutralize its ionophore activity, in vitro and in vivo. After the onset of overt symptomatology, administration of FM1 to experimentally envenomed mice induced remission of symptoms and prevented lethality. Since alpha-ltx is the only molecule responsible for the great toxicity of BWS bites in mammals, the FM1 Fab, highly effective in neutralizing the toxin in vivo, represents a promising immunotherapy reagent for treating latrodectic patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)547-554
Numero di pagine8
RivistaToxicon
Volume51
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2008

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Peptide Library
  • Protein Binding
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Spider Venoms

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