Penicillins are beta-lactam antibiotics able to generate several antigenic determinants that are recognized by the immune system. To study the differences in the antigen binding site of two monoclonal antibodies (Mab) specific to amoxicillin, polyclonal rabbit anti-idiotypic antibodies were produced. One Mab, AO3.2 (IgG2a), specific to a structure formed by the acyl-side chain structure and a part of the nuclear region of amoxicillin. The second one, AO6.2 (IgE), is specific to the side chain of amoxicillin, although it also recognizes the side chain of other penicillins (penicillin G and ampicillin). These antibodies were used to immunize rabbits in order to produce polyclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies, which were purified in several steps by affinity chromatography. The specificity and cross-reactivity studies were made by ELISA and ELISA inhibition. The results suggest that the anti-Id antibodies produced are the internal image of the antigen, since the binding to their specific idiotype is blocked mainly by the original hapten (amoxicillin): in 98% of the cases with anti-id-1 (induced against AO3.2) and in 59% with anti-id-2 (induced against AO6.2). The absence of cross-reactivity of each anti-idiotypic antibody with the different Mabs specific to amoxicillin shows that the idiotypes induced by the same hapten have differences that are reflected by the nonrecognition of these anti-idiotypes. We conclude that such a small molecule as amoxicillin can present several antigenic determinants that induce a panel of antibody specificities especially directed against the side chain.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2002|
- monoclonal antibodies