We reported the results of minimally invasive spinal decompression (MISD) in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) associated with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and performed a literature review in order to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes, the complications and reoperation rate of MISD procedures in these patients. Data of 28 patients submitted to MISD for DS associated to LSS were reviewed. We evaluated the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) both for low back pain (LBP) and legs pain, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the degree of the slippage. A PubMed search of the English literature was conducted. Only papers with more than 10 patients and reporting explicitly data of patients with DS were included in the analysis. We found a statistically significant improvement of LBP, legs pain and ODI in our series. The degree of slippage was stable at follow-up (FU) with no need of reoperation. No major complications occurred. In our literature review, we were able to analyze the differences in ODI in 156 patients and the differences in Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score in 218 patients. We observed a statistically significant improvement of ODI and JOA score at FU compared to pre-operative. The percentage of slippage, evaluated in 283 patients, was unchanged at FU compared to pre-operative. The overall complication rate was 1.6%. The overall reoperation rate was 4.5%. MISD procedures are safe and effective in patients with DS associated to LSS and are associated to low morbidity and significant improvement of disability without progression of slippage.
- Degenerative spondylolisthesis
- Lumbar spinal stenosis
- Minimally invasive decompression