Background: Minichromosome maintenance protein 7 (MCM7) is a downstream of human epidermal growth receptor (HER1) signaling. We examined MCM7, geminin, and HER1 expression in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with radiotherapy and cetuximab. Methods: MCM7, geminin, and HER1 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry on 61 patients with laryngeal SCC. The follow-up (median, 32.1 months; range, 2-139 months) went from the beginning of therapy to tumor progression-free survival (PFS) and death (overall survival [OS]). Results: MCM7, but not geminin, was associated only with HER1 expression, whereas no association was found with other clinicopathological characteristics. Patients with MCM7 high - geminin high and MCM7 high - geminin low tumor status had a risk of progression 3.1 times and 17.7 times greater, respectively, than patients with MCM7 low - geminin high tumor status. Tumor site, MCM7, and geminin were independent determinants of PFS, whereas MCM7 was an independent prognostic marker of OS. Conclusion: MCM7-geminin tumor status may be prognostic for patients with laryngeal SCC treated with cetuximab and radiotherapy.
- Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma
- Mini-chromosome maintenance protein 7 (MCM7)
- Otorhinolaryngology2734 Pathology and Forensic Medicine