Metodi di valutazione dello stress lavoro-correlato nelle Forze dell’Ordine

Nicola Magnavita, Sergio Garbarino, Johannes Siegrist

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction . Police work is unanimously considered stressful. Prevention of stress in police is of the utmost importance, as a distressed officer could be hazardous for third parties. There is scientific evidence that the relationship between occupational stressors and their psychological and physical consequences can be described by Karasek’s demand-control -support ( DCS) model and the effort / reward imbalance (ERI) model of Siegrist. Method. This study summarizes the results of surveys conducted using the DCS and ERI questionnaires on police officers from the VI Mobile Unit of Genoa who were engaged in public order management at the G8 summit in L'Aquila in 2009. Results. In spite of the high alert due to expected threats to public order during the G8 meeting, police officers were not affected by "distress". When the policemen were compared to other categories of workers, their stress levels were in the lowest range. In most cases, the personality profile of these workers did not differ substantially from that of the general population. There was an association between personality and stress response. The levels of perceived stress were significantly associated with absence from work. The prevalence of mental disorders in police officers was significantly lower than that of the general population. Occupational stress was associated with indicators of depression, anxiety and burnout. Conclusions: The DCS and ERI models yielded complementary results and proved to be effective in assessing the effects of stress in law enforcement. The extent of perceived stress does not directly depend on external events, but on the way in which these are handled: routine work may be more stressful than a single critical event. Special police forces are particularly resilient to stress, partly due to the characteristics and personality of individual officers , but mainly on account of their training . Occupational stress is associated with a lower level of psychological well-being and an increase in the frequency of absences from work.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Methods for assessing work-related stress in law enforcement agencies
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)400-404
Numero di pagine5
RivistaGiornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia
Volume36
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • job strain, effort/reward imbalance, police

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