Medical student’s knowledge and attitude towards direct-to-consumer genetic tests

Stefania Boccia, Luca Giraldi, Marco Colotto, Roberta Pastorino, Dario Arzani, Effy Vayena, Christian Ineichen

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: This study reports on the attitudes of 179 Italian Medical Students to direct-to-consumer genetic test and to participation in research practices. Methods: Data were collected using a self-completion online questionnaire sent to 380 medical students at the faculty of Medicine of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Rome, Italy. Questions pertained issues related to awareness and attitudes towards genetic testing, reactions to hypothetical results, and views about contributing to scientific research Results: The response rate was 47.1%. Less than 50% of students were aware of DTC genetic test. 74% of the sample were interested in undergoing DTC genetic test and the main reason was being aware of genetic predisposition to diseases. Among those who were not willing to undergo a genetic test, the main reason was the lack of confidence in the results. In the hypothetical situations of an increased disease risk after undergoing DTC genetic testing, respondents would take actions to reduce that risk, while in the opposite scenario they would feel unaffected because of the probabilistic nature of the test. Conclusions: We reported a good level of awareness about DTC genetic test and a high interest in undergoing DTC genetic test in our sample. Nevertheless, opinions and reactions are strongly dependent by the hypothetical good or bad result that the test could provide and by the context whereby a genetic test could be performed. Respondents seem to be exposed to the risk of psychological harms and a strong regulation regarding their use is required.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)118831-118838
Numero di pagine8
RivistaEpidemiology Biostatistics and Public Health
Volume13
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • Community and Home Care
  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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