Medical Liability of the Vaccinating Doctor: Comparing Policies in European Union Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Carlotta Amantea, Maria Francesca Rossi, Maria Francesca Rossi, Paolo Emilio Santoro*, Flavia Beccia, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Ivan Borrelli, Joana Pinto Da Costa, Alessandra Daniele, Antonio Tumminello, Stefania Boccia, Walter Ricciardi, Umberto Moscato

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic exhausted healthcare systems around the world, including European Union countries, with healthcare workers at the frontline. Therefore, new health laws and policies have been introduced at the national level in order to offer greater legal protection for health workers. Since the introduction of COVID-19 vaccination, it has led to the development of specific laws to define the compulsoriness for particular categories. This review aimed to evaluate the system of medical liability, focusing on the ten countries of the European Union with the highest rate of vaccination coverage against SARS-CoV-2. A country-by-country analysis was conducted on the different medical liability systems of individual professionals, in general, and with specific focus on the vaccinating doctors. Additional search was conducted to investigate which European states have introduced specific policies in this field, to identify the implementation of any new laws alongside the COVID-19 vaccination campaigns, and to assess which countries have adopted the European Digital COVID Certificate and funded specific compensation programs for COVID-19 vaccination. Our results highlight an extremely fragmented European scenario; therefore, this work could be a starting point to define a common approach for medical liability and related policies in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)7191-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • medical liability, COVID-19, vaccination, health policy, European countries


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