Mechanical analysis of fixation methods for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring tendon graft. An experimental study in sheep knees.

Carlo Fabbriciani, Laura Deriu, Giuseppe Milano, Pierdamiano Mulas, Fabio Ziranu, Donatella Zarelli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

44 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluates the structural properties of the femur-anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft-tibia complex, comparing different graft fixation techniques in sheep knees. Four fixation devices were tested both for femoral fixation (Transfix, absorbable screw, RCI screw and Linx-HT) and tibial fixation (bone plug with metal screw, absorbable screw with staple, RCI screw and cancellous screw with spiked washer). The graft used for ACL reconstruction was fresh ovine doubled Achilles tendon (DAT). Femurs and tibias were tested separately. Two mechanical test series were performed on the specimens: a load-to-failure test and a cyclic loading test. On the femoral side, transcondylar screw showed the greatest fixation strength and stiffness and the lowest elongation at cyclic loading. Tibial fixation complexes seemed to have poorer structural properties in comparison to femoral fixation. Among the tibial fixation devices, absorbable screw with staple fixation showed the greatest strength and stiffness. Spiked washer fixation showed the greatest elongation under cyclic loading.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)135-138
Numero di pagine4
RivistaTHE KNEE
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2005

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • anterior cruciate ligament
  • biomechanics
  • fixation
  • hamstring

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