This study evaluates the structural properties of the femur-anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft-tibia complex, comparing different graft fixation techniques in sheep knees. Four fixation devices were tested both for femoral fixation (Transfix, absorbable screw, RCI screw and Linx-HT) and tibial fixation (bone plug with metal screw, absorbable screw with staple, RCI screw and cancellous screw with spiked washer). The graft used for ACL reconstruction was fresh ovine doubled Achilles tendon (DAT). Femurs and tibias were tested separately. Two mechanical test series were performed on the specimens: a load-to-failure test and a cyclic loading test. On the femoral side, transcondylar screw showed the greatest fixation strength and stiffness and the lowest elongation at cyclic loading. Tibial fixation complexes seemed to have poorer structural properties in comparison to femoral fixation. Among the tibial fixation devices, absorbable screw with staple fixation showed the greatest strength and stiffness. Spiked washer fixation showed the greatest elongation under cyclic loading.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2005|
- Animal model
- anterior cruciate ligament