Measuring the Quality of Life in Diabetic Patients: A Scoping Review

Lorenzo Palamenghi, Guendalina Graffigna*

*Autore corrispondente per questo lavoro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

4 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background. Diabetes mellitus is a widely diffused chronic condition which impacts on several aspects of patients’ lives. In the current clinical practice, the implementation in the clinical routine of monitoring systems of patients’ outcomes has led to an increased generation and use of several measures for the assessment of patients’ quality of life (QOL). Nevertheless, this construct appears to be particularly complex, and its operationalization is variable across different measures. The purpose of this paper is to offer an updated review of the diabetes-specific QOL measures present in scientific literature with a specific focus on the broad domains assessed. Methods. A scoping review was carried out with the purpose of identifying the existing measures in literature and describing their implicit representation of QOL in diabetes care. Five different databases (Scopus; Web of Science Core Collection; Medline; PsycInfo; and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched with a string including validation studies of adult-only, diabetes-specific QOL measures. Each measure was then qualified according to its structure, a qualitative assessment of the broad domains of QOL it comprises, and finally an overview of the psychometric properties of its first validation. Results. 30 scales were identified and assessed. Theme analysis shows that QOL is operationalized with multidimensional surveys comprising of both mental, physical, and social health components. Some scales also consider the impact of societal attitudes, public policies, and context on QOL. Conclusion. Several self-report measures of QOL specifically developed for diabetic patients exist in scientific literature. The present scoping review reports scales structure, broad domains of QOL, and development purpose. This may help in understanding the concept of QOL in diabetic patients and may also serve the purpose of guiding the reader in the choice of the most appropriate instrument or in the development of a new one
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-19
Numero di pagine19
RivistaJournal of Diabetes Research
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Diabetes
  • literature review
  • quality of life


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