Maternal and neonatal characteristics of an immigrant population in an Italian hospital.

Piero Valentini, Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Claudia Orchi, Valentina Calabrese, Gemma Verrillo, Francesco Cota, Orazio Gaetano Ranno, Carmen Giannantonio, Valentina Cardiello, Costantino Romagnoli, S. Perrone, P. Pasqualini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the maternal and neonatal immigrant population and to compare it with the Italian population in the Agostino Gemelli Hospital (Rome). METHODS: This study was a prospective population-based study. We compared 595 newborns from immigrant mothers with 2413 newborns from Italian mothers. Neonatal characteristics included in this study were sex, gestational age, birth weight, Apgar score, transfer to pathology units, minor pathologies, and type of breastfeeding at discharge. Maternal characteristics included nationality, age, parity, type of delivery, twin birth, and pathology during the pregnancy. RESULTS: Immigrant newborns comprised 20% of the total births included in the study. No statistically significant differences were found between immigrant and Italian newborns in gestational age, birth weight, or Apgar score. Immigrant newborns were transferred to the Paediatric Infectious Disease Unit more frequently than Italian newborns, had a significantly higher incidence of hyperbilirubinemia and a higher rate of exclusive and prevalent breastfeeding at discharge. Immigrant mothers came predominantly from Eastern Europe, were younger and had caesarean sections less frequently than Italian mothers. CONCLUSION: No significant differences in biological and clinical characteristics or in medical practice were found between groups, except for a higher frequency of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and an inclination among immigrant mothers toward breastfeeding.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)627-632
Numero di pagine6
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • immigrant
  • newborn

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