Mandibular reconstruction with different techniques

Giulio Gasparini, Andrea Torroni, Tito Matteo Marianetti, Daniele Cervelli, Sandro Pelo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Traumas, malformative or dysplastic pathologies, atrophy, osteoradionecrosis, and benign or malignant neoplasm can cause bone deficits in the mandible. Consequent mandibular defects can determine aesthetic and functional problems; therefore, being able to perform a good reconstruction is of critical importance.Several techniques have been proposed for mandibular reconstruction over the years. In this article, we present and discuss the evolution during the time of the methods of mandible reconstruction as well as pros and cons of each procedure on the basis of experience of 10 years in the maxillofacial department of the Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome.Free flaps represent the gold standard method of reconstruction of large mandibular defects: the fibula bone flap represents the best choice for large defects involving the arch and the mandibular ramus, whereas the deep circumflex iliac artery represents a valid alternative for mandibular defects involving the posterior region.In cases where free flap reconstructions are contraindicated, the use of regional pedicle flap combined with autologous bone grafts still represents a valid choice. Patients who are not deemed suitable for long and demanding surgery can still be treated using alloplastic materials in association with regional pedicle flap or, when adjuvant radiation therapy is needed, by simple locoregional pedicle flap. Finally, in selected cases, the bone transporting technique should be considered as a valid alternative to the more "traditional" reconstructive methods because of the extraordinary potential and its favorable cost-benefit ratio.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)885-890
Numero di pagine6
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY
Volume26
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Transplantation
  • Child
  • Female
  • Fibula
  • Free Tissue Flaps
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mandibular Neoplasms
  • Mandibular Reconstruction
  • Middle Aged
  • Transplantation, Autologous
  • Young Adult
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • aged
  • autotransplantation
  • bone transplantation
  • child
  • female
  • fibula
  • free tissue graft
  • human
  • male
  • mandible reconstruction
  • middle aged
  • procedures
  • transplantation
  • very elderly
  • young adult, Adolescent

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